Sufism in Central Asia: A Force for Moderation or a Cause of Politicization?

Sufism in Central Asia: A Force for Moderation or a Cause of Politicization?

Sufism — a mystical form of Islam that has flourished in the Muslim world for centuries — has enjoyed a strong revival in central Asia. A paper published by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Sufism in Central Asia: A Force for Moderation or a Cause of Politicization? (46 pages, PDF), explores Sufism's potential to become a political movement in the region. The paper argues that while Sufism currently poses little threat to the secular ideology of central Asia, there is potential for dangerous backlash if governments openly try to use Sufi ideology to gain support.