The rate of children living in poverty nationally increased from 19 percent in 2005 to 23 percent in 2011, new data from the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey shows.
An analysis of ACS data by the Annie E. Casey Foundation and the Population Reference Bureau found that child poverty rates for forty-four of the fifty largest cities in the nation increased between 2005 and 2011, with Detroit (57 percent), Cleveland (54 percent), Miami (44 percent), Milwaukee (43 percent), and Memphis (42 percent) recording the highest rates in 2011, while Virginia Beach, San Jose, San Francisco, Seattle, San Diego, Colorado Springs, and Mesa (AZ), had the lowest rates, ranging from 12 percent to 22 percent.
The data also shows that from 2005 to 2011, Las Vegas, Jacksonville, Arlington (TX), Indianapolis, and Wichita (KS) experienced the biggest increase in their child poverty rate.
The Casey Foundation has updated its KIDS COUNT Data Center to reflect the latest ACS data, which not only cover children at the state and city level but also by congressional districts. "These numbers underscore that millions of children are living in families [that] are barely getting by economically, which can affect their well-being and their ability to succeed as adults," said Casey Foundation director of policy reform and data Laura Speer. "Now more than ever, the future prosperity of the United States depends on our ability to foster the health and well-being of the next generation."